Category Archives: Spine

Update: Cervical laminoplasty

Cervical laminoplasty is an established treatment for cervical myelopathy.

Fields et al., 1) observed in their randomized study comparing the effects of cervical laminectomy and laminoplasty in the rabbit, that laminectomized animals had poorer clinical outcome at 3 months post-operatively, associated with statistically significant angular deformity.

Similarly, Baisden et al., 2) , using a goat model, concluded that laminoplasty is superior to laminectomy in maintaining sagittal cervical alignment and preventing spinal deformities. The removal of bony and ligamentous structures of the posterior cervical spine might alter the biomechanics of the vertebral column and predispose to instability.


The first laminoplasty technique was the modification of Kirita’s technique for laminectomy, in which the laminae were thinned and then partially removed in the midline using an air drill. The lateral edges of the laminae close to the pedicles were further thinned until the laminae could be bent and lifted up. It was considered important to lift multiple laminae expeditiously so that multiple segments of the cord could be simultaneously decompressed. The laminae were then removed with scissors 3)).

Based on this technique, Oyama et al. developed z-plasty method of laminoplasty. After thinning the laminae, z-shaped cuts were made in each laminae, which were lifted and then fixed with sutures to reconstruct the expanded spinal canal. They reported that all the 15 cases were neurologically improved after the operation 4)).

Tsuji reported a variation of en bloc laminectomy in which laminae were cut bilaterally along the imaginary line separating laminar arches and articular processes and made completely free from their bony attachments. The lamiae were reflected as a flap and then permitted to float on the cord without fixing sutures or bone grafting 5).

Expansive open-door laminoplasty was devised by Hirabayashi et al. in 1977, as relatively easier, safer, and better than the ordinary cervical laminectomy from the standpoint of structural mechanics of the cervical spine.

Operative results in the patients with cervical OPLL, spondylosis, and canal stenosis were satisfactory, and optimal widening of the AP diameter of the spinal canal is considered to be over 4 mm. From this procedure a bilateral, open-door laminoplasty has been devised for extensive exploration at the intradural space.

Cervical laminoplasty was devised to avoid problems associated with laminectomy such as postoperative segmental instability, kyphosis, perineural adhesions, and late neurological deterioration 6).

Kurokawa et al. developed spinous process splitting laminoplasty, in which the spinous processes and laminae are split in the midline and hinges are made bilaterally along the lateral borders of the laminae, which are lifted bilaterally 7)).

This is also called double-door laminoplasty 8), French-window 9) or French door laminoplasty 10)

There are multiple variations, many advocating the use of allograft, but for the best technique controversy persists.


Neck pain

Axial neck pain after C3-6 laminoplasty has been reported to be significantly lesser than that after C3-7 laminoplasty because of the preservation of the C-7 spinous process and the attachment of nuchal muscles such as the trapezius and rhomboideus minor, which are connected to the scapula. The C-6 spinous process is the second longest spinous process after that of C-7, and it serves as an attachment point for these muscles. The effect of preserving the C-6 spinous process and its muscular attachment, in addition to preservation of the C-7 spinous process, on the prevention of axial neck pain is not well understood. The purpose of the current study was to clarify whether preservation of the paraspinal muscles of the C-6 spinous process reduces postoperative axial neck pain compared to that after using nonpreservation techniques.

Montano et al. studied 60 patients who underwent C3-6 double-door laminoplasty for the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy or cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament; the minimum follow-up period was 1 year. Twenty-five patients underwent a C-6 paraspinal muscle preservation technique, and 35 underwent a C-6 nonpreservation technique. A visual analog scale (VAS) and VAS grading (Grades I-IV) were used to assess axial neck pain 1-3 months after surgery and at the final follow-up examination. Axial neck pain was classified as being 1 of 5 types, and its location was divided into 5 areas. The potential correlation between the C-6/C-7 spinous process length ratio and axial neck pain was examined.

The mean VAS scores (± SD) for axial neck pain were comparable between the C6-preservation group and the C6-nonpreservation group in both the early and late postoperative stages (4.1 ± 3.1 vs 4.0 ± 3.2 and 3.8 ± 2.9 vs 3.6 ± 3.0, respectively). The distribution of VAS grades was comparable in the 2 groups in both postoperative stages. Stiffness was the most prevalent complaint in both groups (64.0% and 54.5%, respectively), and the suprascapular region was the most common site in both groups (60.0% and 57.1%, respectively). The types and locations of axial neck pain were also similar between the groups. The C-6/C-7 spinous process length ratios were similar in the groups, and they did not correlate with axial neck pain. The reductions of range of motion and changes in sagittal alignment after surgery were also similar.

The C-6 paraspinal muscle preservation technique was not superior to the C6-nonpreservation technique for preventing postoperative axial neck pain 11).

Case series


Thirty-two consecutive patients (19 male, 13 female, average age 66 yr) from a prospective outcome registry that underwent cervical laminoplasty between 2009 and 2013 were reviewed. Computed tomography (CT) scan was performed immediately postoperatively and at 6-mo follow-up. Parameters included patient perception of outcome, Nurick score, Neck Disability Index (NDI), visual analog scale for neck pain, and SF-36.

On retrospective analysis, all patients felt improved at 3 mo postoperatively; at 2 yr, this rate was 91%. Improvements were seen in Nurick scores, from 3.16 ± 0.9 preoperatively to 1.94 ± 0.8 at 2 yr; NDI score from 28.7% ± 9% preoperatively to 20.8% ± 9.6% at 2 yr; visual analog scale from 2.8 ± 1.2 preoperatively to 1.7 ± 0.9 at 2 yr; and SF-36 physical component summary from 27.9 ± 10 preoperatively to 37.8 ± 11.9 at 2 yr. All values reached significance at all follow-up points ( P < .05) with the exception of 6-mo NDI values ( P = .062). No C5 palsy, graft complications, or reclosure was observed in any patient during the follow-up period.

Laminoplasty with autograft is a safe and effective method to treat cervical myelopathy, with good medium-term clinical outcome. No reclosures were observed. Bony fusion was seen in all cases on CT scan. The study found good outcomes in the performance of open door laminoplastywithout hardware, in the treatment of cervical stenosis 12).


Sakaura et al., reported that the presence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and/or extended abdominal aortic calcification was associated with significantly worse clinical outcomes after posterior lumbar interbody fusion. CKD is one of the highest risk factors for systemic atherosclerosis. Therefore, impaired blood flow due to atherosclerosis could exacerbate degeneration of the cervical spine and neural tissue. However, there has been no report of a study evaluating the deleterious effects of CKD and atherosclerosis on the outcomes after decompression surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

They analyzed data from 127 consecutive cases involving patients who underwent cervical laminoplasty for CSM and met their inclusion criteria. Stage 3-4 CKD was present as a preoperative comorbidity in 44 cases. Clinical status was assessed using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) cervical myelopathy evaluation questionnaire before surgery and 2 years postoperatively. As a marker of systemic atherosclerosis, the presence of aortic arch calcification (AoAC) was assessed on preoperative chest radiographs.

AoAC was found on preoperative chest radiographs in 40 of 127 patients. Neither CKD nor AoAC had a statistically significant deleterious effect on preoperative JOA score. However, CKD and AoAC were significantly associated with reductions in both the JOA score recovery rate (mean 36.1% in patients with CKD vs 44.7% in those without CKD; 26.0% in patients with AoAC vs 48.9% in those without AoAC) and the change in JOA score at 2 years after surgery (mean 2.3 points in patients with CKD vs 3.1 points in those without CKD; 2.1 points for patients with AoAC vs 3.2 points for those without AoAC). A multivariate regression analysis showed that AoAC was a significant independent predictor of poor outcome with respect to both for the difference between follow-up and preoperative JOA scores and the JOA score recovery rate.

CKD and AoAC were associated with increased rates of poor neurological outcomes after laminoplasty for CSM, and AoAC was a significant independent predictive factor for poor outcome 13).


Fields MF, Hoshijima K, Feng AHP, et al. A biomechanical, radiologic, and clinical comparison of outcome after multilevel cervical laminectomy or laminoplasty in the rabbit. Spine. 2000;25(22):2925–2931. doi: 10.1097/00007632-200011150-00015.

Baisden J, Voo LM, Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N. Evaluation of cervical laminectomy and laminoplasty. A longitudinal study in the goat model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1999 Jul 1;24(13):1283-8; discussion 1288-9. PubMed PMID: 10404568.

Kirita Y, Miyazaki K, Hayashi T, Nosaka K, Shima M, Yamamura H, Tamaki S: [Ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament of the cervical spine]. Rinsho Seikeigeka 10: 1077– 1085, 1975. (Japanese

Oyama M, Hattori S, Moriwaki N, Nitta S: [A new method of cervical laminectomy]. Chuubu Nippon Seikeigeka Gakkai Zasshi 16: 792– 794, 1973. (Japanese

Tsuji H. Laminoplasty for patients with compressive myelopathy due to so-called spinal canal stenosis in cervical and thoracic regions. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1982 Jan-Feb;7(1):28-34. PubMed PMID: 7071659.

Hirabayashi K, Watanabe K, Wakano K, Suzuki N, Satomi K, Ishii Y. Expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical spinal stenotic myelopathy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1983 Oct;8(7):693-9. PubMed PMID: 6420895.

Kurokawa T, Tsuyama N, Tanaka H, Kobayashi M, Machida H, Nakamura K, Iizuka T, Hoshino Y: [Enlargement of spinal canal by the sagittal splitting of spinous processes]. Bessatsu Seikeigeka 2: 234– 240, 1982. (Japanese

Seichi A, Takeshita K, Ohishi I, Kawaguchi H, Akune T, Anamizu Y, Kitagawa T, Nakamura K. Long-term results of double-door laminoplasty for cervical stenotic myelopathy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001 Mar 1;26(5):479-87. PubMed PMID: 11242374.

Hukuda S, Ogata M, Mochizuki T, Shichikawa K. Laminectomy versus laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy: brief report. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1988 Mar;70(2):325-6. PubMed PMID: 3346317.

Nakama S, Nitanai K, Oohashi Y, Endo T, Hoshino Y. Cervical muscle strength after laminoplasty. J Orthop Sci. 2003;8(1):36-40. PubMed PMID: 12560884.

Mori E, Ueta T, Maeda T, Yugué I, Kawano O, Shiba K. Effect of preservation of the C-6 spinous process and its paraspinal muscular attachment on the prevention of postoperative axial neck pain in C3-6 laminoplasty. J Neurosurg Spine. 2015 Mar;22(3):221-9. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.SPINE131153. Epub 2014 Dec 19. PubMed PMID: 25525962.

Stamates MM, Cui MX, Roitberg BZ. Clinical Outcomes of Cervical Laminoplasty: Results at Two Years. Neurosurgery. 2017 Jun 1;80(6):934-941. doi: 10.1093/neuros/nyw058. PubMed PMID: 28329252.

Sakaura H, Miwa T, Kuroda Y, Ohwada T. Surgical outcomes after laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy in patients with renal dysfunction and/or aortic arch calcification. J Neurosurg Spine. 2016 Oct;25(4):444-447. PubMed PMID: 27231811.

Book: Backbone: The Life and Game-Changing Career of a Spinal Neurosurgeon

Backbone: The Life and Game-Changing Career of a Spinal Neurosurgeon

By Volker K. H. Sonntag MD M.D.

Backbone: The Life and Game-Changing Career of a Spinal Neurosurgeon

List Price: $18.99


On a beautiful spring morning in 1989, neurosurgeon and spine expert Volker Sonntag was just finishing rounds at Saint Joseph’s Hospital in Phoenix, Arizona. At that same moment sixteen miles away, a hard-charging boy named TJ veered his bike into the path of a speeding pickup truck. The impact all but killed the boy, leaving him with a shattered leg, severe internal injuries, a massive blood clot near the brain stem, and—but for the fragile spinal cord—a complete separation of the skull from the spine.

This is the riveting story of how Dr. Sonntag’s pioneering innovation that day launched him into the forefront of the emerging field of spinal neurosurgery. Surgeon to a Who’s Who of royalty, celebrities and politicians, his clear-eyed accounts of failures and successes, hostile turf wars, media accusations of quackery, political challenges, and cutting-edge technical advances reveal to the reader just what it takes to be a game-changer in one of the world’s most harrowing professions.

Revered by patients, residents, and fellows for his highly personal approach to teaching and mentorship, and for his example of life balance, in this book Dr. Sonntag also shares stories of his youth as a German immigrant in Cold War America that lend insight into how, with humility, sacrifice, honesty, compassion, industry—and humor—an individual can overcome adversity and achieve the American Dream.

Product Details

  • Published on: 2017-05-02
  • Original language: English
  • Dimensions: 9.00″ h x .60″ w x 6.00″ l,
  • Binding: Paperback
  • 260 pages

Editorial Reviews

About the Author

Volker K.H. Sonntag, MD, is vice-chairman emeritus at Barrow Brain and Spine. A world-renowned spinal neurosurgeon, he has been widely acclaimed for his pioneering contributions to the treatment and understanding of spinal disorders and is now a sought after speaker and consultant. He lives in Phoenix, Arizona.

Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine March 2017

  • Contralateral osteotomy of the pedicle and posterolateral elements for en bloc resection: a technique for oncological resection of posterolateral spinal tumors VIDEO

    Viren S. Vasudeva, MD1, Alexander E. Ropper, MD2, Samuel Rodriguez, MD3, Kyle C. Wu, MD1, and John H. Chi, MD, MPH1,4 1Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; 2Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; 3Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California; and 4Center for Neuro-Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts

    Pages 275-281

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (6814 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Spine stereotactic radiosurgery for the treatment of multiple myeloma

    Jacob A. Miller, BS1, Ehsan H. Balagamwala, MD2, Samuel T. Chao, MD2,3, Todd Emch, MD4, John H. Suh, MD2,3, Toufik Djemil, PhD5, and Lilyana Angelov, MD3,6 1Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, 2Department of Radiation Oncology, 3Rose Ella Burkhardt Brain Tumor and Neuro-Oncology Center, 4Department of Diagnostic Radiology, and 6Department of Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio; and 5Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, Florida

    Pages 282-290

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (4188 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the spine: results of surgical management from a multicenter study

    Dean Chou, MD1, Mark H. Bilsky, MD2, Alessandro Luzzati, MD3, Charles G. Fisher, MD, MHSc4, Ziya L. Gokaslan, MD5, Laurence D. Rhines, MD6, Mark B. Dekutoski, MD7, Michael G. Fehlings, MD8, Ravi Ghag, MD4, Peter Varga, MD9, Stefano Boriani, MD10, Niccole M. Germscheid, MSc11, Jeremy J. Reynolds, MBChB12, and the AOSpine Knowledge Forum Tumor 1Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, California; 2Department of Neurosurgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York; 3Department of Orthopedics, Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy; 4Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; 5Department of Neurosurgery, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island; 6Department of Neurosurgery, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; 7Department of Orthopedics, The CORE Institute, Phoenix, Arizona; 8Department of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada; 9Department of Orthopedics, National Center for Spinal Disorders, Budapest, Hungary; 10Department of Orthopedics, The Rizzoli Institute, Bologna, Italy; 11AOSpine International, Davos, Switzerland; and 12Department of Orthopaedics, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford, United Kingdom

    Pages 291-298

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (2774 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • FREE

    Consensus guidelines for postoperative stereotactic body radiation therapy for spinal metastases: results of an international survey

    Kristin J. Redmond, MD, MPH1, Simon S. Lo, MD2, Scott G. Soltys, MD3, Yoshiya Yamada, MD4, Igor J. Barani, MD5, Paul D. Brown, MD6, Eric L. Chang, MD7, Peter C. Gerszten, MD8, Samuel T. Chao, MD9, Robert J. Amdur, MD10, Antonio A. F. De Salles, MD, PhD11, Matthias Guckenberger, MD12, Bin S. Teh, MD13, Jason Sheehan, MD, PhD14, Charles R. Kersh, MD15, Michael G. Fehlings, MD, PhD, FRCSC16, Moon-Jun Sohn, MD, PhD17, Ung-Kyu Chang, MD18, Samuel Ryu, MD19, Iris C. Gibbs, MD3, and Arjun Sahgal, MD, FRCPC20 1Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, The John Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland; 2Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center; 9Department of Radiation Oncology, Rose Ella Burkhardt Brain Tumor and Neurooncology Center, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio; 3Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford Cancer Institute, Stanford University, Stanford; 5Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco; 7Department of Radiation Oncology, Norris Cancer Center and Keck School of Medicine at University of Southern California; 11Department of Neurological Surgery, Brain Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, California; 4Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York; 19Department of Radiation Oncology, Stony Brook Cancer Center, Stony Brook, New York; 6Department of Radiation Oncology, MD Anderson Cancer Center; 13Department of Radiation Oncology, Houston Methodist Hospital, Cancer Center and Research Institute, Weill Cornell Medical College, Houston, Texas; 8Department of Neurological Surgery and Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; 10Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida; 12Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Zurich, Switzerland; 14Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville; 15Department of Radiation Oncology, Riverside Radiation Oncology Specialists, Newport News, Virginia; 16Division of Neurosurgery and Spine Program, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto; 20Department of Radiation Oncology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; 17Department of Neurological Surgery, Radiosurgery Center, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Goyang; and 18Department of Neurosurgery, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, South Korea

    Pages 299-306

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (4029 KB) | Supplemental Material | Add to Favorites

  • Bilateral C-1 lateral mass reconstruction following radical resection of a giant osteoblastoma of the atlas: case report

    Iulia Peciu-Florianu, MD1, Gopalakrishnan Chittur Viswanathan, MCh1, Juan Barges-Coll, MD1, Gabriel A. Castillo-Velázquez, MD4, Pierre-Yves Zambelli, MD, PhD2,3, and John M. Duff, MD1,3 1Neurosurgical Service, Department of Clinical Neurosciences and 2Division of Paediatric Orthopedics, University Hospital of Lausanne; 3Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Switzerland; and 4Neurosurgical Service, Centro Médico Puerta de Hierro, Guadalajara, Mexico

    Pages 307-312

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (8082 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Radiofrequency ablation of spinal osteoid osteoma: a prospective study

    Joe Faddoul, MD2, Yara Faddoul, MD1, Sandra Kobaiter-Maarrawi, PhD1, Ronald Moussa, MD2, Tony Rizk, MD2, Georges Nohra, MD2, Nabil Okais, MD2, Elie Samaha, MD2, and Joseph Maarrawi, MD, PhD1,2 1Laboratory of Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine (PTS), St. Joseph University; and 2Department of Neurosurgery, Hôtel-Dieu de France Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon

    Pages 313-318

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (2471 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Successful treatment of mixed yolk sac tumor and mature teratoma in the spinal cord: case report

    Akitake Mukasa, MD, PhD1,, Shunsuke Yanagisawa, MD1, Kuniaki Saito, MD1, Shota Tanaka, MD1, Keisuke Takai, MD, PhD1,5, Junji Shibahara, MD, PhD2, Masachika Ikegami, MD3, Yusuke Nakao, MD3,6, Katsushi Takeshita, MD, PhD3,7, Masao Matsutani, MD, PhD4, and Nobuhito Saito, MD, PhD1Departments of 1Neurosurgery, 2Pathology, and 3Orthopaedic Surgery and Spinal Surgery, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo; and 4Department of Neuro-Oncology/Neurosurgery, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Hidaka, Japan

    Pages 319-324

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (3947 KB) | Add to Favorites

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    A novel technique to correct kyphosis in cervical myelopathy due to continuous-type ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament

    Dong-Ho Lee, MD, PhD, Youn-Suk Joo, MD, Chang Ju Hwang, MD, PhD, Choon Sung Lee, MD, PhD, and Jae Hwan Cho, MDDepartment of Orthopedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

    Pages 325-330

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (4489 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Revisiting the differences between irreducible and reducible atlantoaxial dislocation in the era of direct posterior approach and C1–2 joint manipulation

    Arsikere N. Deepak, MS1, Pravin Salunke, MCh1, Sushanta K. Sahoo, MCh1, Prashant K. Prasad, MS1, and Niranjan K. Khandelwal, MD2Departments of 1Neurosurgery and 2Radiodiagnosis, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

    Pages 331-340

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (12563 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • C-2 arteriovenous fistula presenting as a pathologic hangman’s fracture: case report

    Rajeev D. Sen, BA, Carolina Gesteira Benjamin, MD, Howard A. Riina, MD, and Donato Pacione, MDNew York University School of Medicine, New York, New York

    Pages 341-345

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (5111 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Lateral mass screw stimulation thresholds in posterior cervical instrumentation surgery: a predictor of medial deviation

    Bayard Wilson, BA1,, Erik Curtis, MD2, Brian Hirshman, MD, MS2, Ahmet Oygar, MD2, Karen Chen, MD3, Brandon C. Gabel, MD2, Florin Vaida, PhD4, David W. Allison, PhD5, and Joseph D. Ciacci, MD2 1School of Medicine, 2Department of Neurosurgery, 3Department of Radiology, 4Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, Division of Biostatistics and Bio-informatics, and 5Department of Interventional Neurophysiology, University of California, San Diego, California

    Pages 346-352

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (5248 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Lumbar decompression in the elderly: increased age as a risk factor for complications and nonhome discharge

    Meghan E. Murphy, MD1,2, Hannah Gilder, BS1,2, Patrick R. Maloney, MD1,2, Brandon A. McCutcheon, MD, MPP1,2, Lorenzo Rinaldo, MD, PhD1,2, Daniel Shepherd, MD1,2, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, MD1,2, Daniel S. Ubl, MPH3, Cynthia S. Crowson, MS3, William E. Krauss, MD1, Elizabeth B. Habermann, PhD, MPH3, and Mohamad Bydon, MD1,2 1Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic; 2Mayo Clinic Neuro-Informatics Laboratory; and 3Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

    Pages 353-362

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (3417 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • High-dose tranexamic acid reduces intraoperative and postoperative blood loss in posterior lumbar interbody fusion

    Junichi Kushioka, MD1, Tomoya Yamashita, MD2, Shinya Okuda, MD, PhD2, Takafumi Maeno, MD, PhD2, Tomiya Matsumoto, MD, PhD2, Ryoji Yamasaki, MD, PhD3, and Motoki Iwasaki, MD, PhD2 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine; 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka Rosai Hospital; and 3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka Police Hospital, Osaka, Japan

    Pages 363-367

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (1684 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Multiple-hook fixation in revision spinal deformity surgery for patients with a previous multilevel fusion mass: technical note and preliminary outcomes

    Ning Liu, MD1,3, and Kirkham B. Wood, MD1,2 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Spine Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Redwood City, California; and 3Washington University in St. Louis, Brown School, St. Louis, Missouri

    Pages 368-373

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (6595 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Diagnostic accuracy of motor evoked potentials to detect neurological deficit during idiopathic scoliosis correction: a systematic review

    Parthasarathy D. Thirumala, MD1,3, Donald J. Crammond, PhD1, Yoon K. Loke, MBBS4, Hannah L. Cheng1, Jessie Huang1, and Jeffrey R. Balzer, PhD1,2Departments of 1Neurological Surgery and 2Neuroscience, University of Pittsburgh; 3Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and 4Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom

    Pages 374-383

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (13903 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Spinal cord herniation repair with microstaples: case report VIDEO

    Pedro David Delgado-López, MD1, Cecilia Gil-Polo, MD, PhD1, Vicente Martín-Velasco, MD1, Javier Martín-Alonso, MD1, Ana María Galacho-Harriero, MD1, and Elena Araus-Galdós, MD2Departments of 1Neurosurgery and 2Neurophysiology, Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Spain

    Pages 384-387

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (3175 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Bone marrow stromal cell sheets may promote axonal regeneration and functional recovery with suppression of glial scar formation after spinal cord transection injury in rats

    Akinori Okuda, MD1,2, Noriko Horii-Hayashi, PhD2, Takayo Sasagawa, MS2, Takamasa Shimizu, MD, PhD1, Hideki Shigematsu, MD, PhD1, Eiichiro Iwata, MD, PhD1, Yasuhiko Morimoto, MD1, Keisuke Masuda, MD1, Munehisa Koizumi, MD, PhD3, Manabu Akahane, MD, PhD4, Mayumi Nishi, MD, PhD2, and Yasuhito Tanaka, MD, PhD1 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nara Medical University, Kashihara; 2Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Nara Medical University, Kashihara; 3Spine and Spinal Cord Surgery Center, Nara Prefecture General Medical Center; and 4Department of Public Health, Health Management, and Policy, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, Japan

    Pages 388-395

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (8390 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Promotion of astrocytoma cell invasion by micro RNA–22 targeting of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase–2

    Yu-ichiro Ohnishi, MD, PhD1, Koichi Iwatsuki, MD, PhD1, Masahiro Ishihara, MD, PhD1, Toshika Ohkawa, MD, PhD2, Manabu Kinoshita, MD, PhD3, Koei Shinzawa, PhD4, Yasunori Fujimoto, MD, PhD1, and Toshiki Yoshimine, MD, PhD1Departments of 1Neurosurgery and 4Molecular Genetics, Osaka University Medical School; 2Department of Neurosurgery, Yao Municipal Hospital; and 3Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, Osaka, Japan

    Pages 396-403

    Abstract | Full Text | PDF (6269 KB) | Add to Favorites

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    Erratum: Screening via CT angiogram after traumatic cervical spine fractures: narrowing imaging to improve cost effectiveness. Experience of a Level I trauma center

    Gabriel A. Smith, MDCase Western Reserve University School of Medicine, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH

    Pages 404-404

    Citation | Full Text | PDF (598 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Letter to the Editor: Pedicle screw–based dynamic stabilization and adjacent-segment disease

    Yu-Wen Cheng, MD1,2, Peng-Yuan Chang, MD1,2, Jau-Ching Wu, MD, PhD1,2, Chih-Chang Chang, MD1,2, Li-Yu Fay, MD1,2,3, Tsung-Hsi Tu, MD1,2,4, Wen-Cheng Huang, MD, PhD1,2, and Henrich Cheng, MD, PhD1,2,3 1Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 2School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Institute of Pharmacology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; and 4Molecular Medicine Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

    Pages 405-406

    Yu Han, MM, Jianguang Sun, MM, Shilei Huang, MM, and Guofu Pi, MM

    Citation | Full Text | PDF (1457 KB) | Add to Favorites

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    Letter to the Editor: Screening via CT angiogram and cervical spine fractures

    Xiao Wu, BS, David Durand, MD, Vivek B. Kalra, MD, Sowmya Mahalingam, MD, and Ajay Malhotra, MD, MMMYale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT

    Pages 406-407

    Gabriel A. Smith, MD, Megan M. Lockwood, MD, and Michael P. Steinmetz, MD

    Citation | Full Text | PDF (1457 KB) | Add to Favorites

  • Letter to the Editor: Adult spinal deformity surgery: is it always worthwhile?

    Enrico Tessitore, MD, and Oliver P. Gautschi, MDUniversity Hospital Geneva, Switzerland

    Pages 408-409

    Citation | Full Text | PDF (1457 KB) | Add to Favorites

Book: Brain and Spine Surgery in the Elderly

Brain and Spine Surgery in the Elderly

Brain and Spine Surgery in the Elderly

List Price: $199.00


This unique and richly illustrated volume presents the state of the art in the comprehensive management of major neurosurgical diseases in the elderly (aged 65 and over). It explores all of the common neurosurgical pathologies affecting elderly patients, and emphasizes the paramount importance of tailored management strategies for quality of life. It highlights updated techniques for anaesthesia and critical care, as well as minimally invasive neurosurgical methods intended for this specific group of patients. Radiosurgery treatment is also discussed, in particular for brain tumours.
In western societies, the proportion of elderly citizens has nearly reached 20%, and shows no signs of slowing down. The management of neurosurgical conditions in this particular population requires specific multidisciplinary strategies. To address this situation, a team of internationally respected contributors accurately describe degenerative and traumatic spinal diseases, which account for the majority of admissions among the elderly, as well as brain tumours and intracranial haemorrhages, aspects that are raising new ethical issues.
The book mainly addresses the needs of neurosurgeons and geriatric neurologists, but also neuro-oncologists and neuro-anaesthesists working with elderly patients, as well as students in these disciplines.

Product Details

  • Published on: 2017-03-02
  • Original language: English
  • Number of items: 1
  • Dimensions: 9.30″ h x .0″ w x 6.10″ l, .0 pounds
  • Binding: Hardcover
  • 529 pages

XVII Congreso Neuroraquis

El plazo para la presentación de comunicaciones y posters digitales en el XVII Congreso Neuroraquis, finaliza el 19 de febrero.  Puede enviar su comunicación pulsando en el botón correspondiente o a través del siguiente enlace:

Se otorgarán los siguientes  premios:

  • Mejor Comunicación Oral, con una dotación económica de 400 €
  • Premio al mejor Póster, con una dotación económica de 200 €

Un año más, se ha convocado el Premio José Barberá con una dotación económica de 1.000 €. La fecha límite de presentación de trabajos es el 19 de febrero de 2017. Puede consultar las bases en el siguiente enlace:


Tel. +34 902 190 848 / Fax +34 902 190 850 / e-mail:

Adult and Pediatric Spine Trauma, An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics of North America, 1e

Adult and Pediatric Spine Trauma, An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics of North America, 1e (The Clinics: Surgery)By Douglas L. Brockmeyer MD FAAP, Andrew T. Dailey MD

Adult and Pediatric Spine Trauma, An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics of North America, 1e (The Clinics: Surgery)

List Price: $98.99


This issue will focus on both adult and pediatric spine trauma. Featured articles are as follows:

Pharmacologic Treatment of SCI; Classification of Adult Subaxial Cervical Trauma; Classification and Management of Pediatric Craniocervical Injuries; Classification and Management of Pediatric Subaxial Injuries; Classification of Adult Thoracolumbar Injuries; Management of Pediatric Thoracolumber Injuries; Treatment of Odontoid Fractures in the Aging Population; Treatment of Facet Fractures in the Cervical Spine; and many more!

Product Details

  • Published on: 2017-02-11
  • Original language: English
  • Dimensions: 8.27″ h x .87″ w x 5.91″ l,
  • Binding: Hardcover