A total of 264 patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformation were treated with microsurgical resection between 1994 and 2010 at the Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience. Initial hemorrhage, clinical presentation, Spetzler-Martin AVM grading system (SM), treatment modalities, clinical outcomes, and obliteration rates were reviewed.
Of the 264 patients treated with microsurgery, 120 (45%) patients initially presented with hemorrhage. There were 27 SM Grade I lesions (10.2%), 101 Grade II lesions (38.3%), 96 Grade III lesions (36.4%), 31 Grade IV lesions (11.7%), and 9 Grade V lesions (3.4%). Among these patients, 102 (38.6%) had undergone prior endovascular embolization. In all patients, resection resulted in complete obliteration of the AVM. Complications occurred in 19 (7.2%) patients and resulted in permanent neurological deficits in 5 (1.9%). In multivariate analysis, predictors of complications were increasing AVM size (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.5-6.6; p = 0.001), increasing number of embolizations (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.2; p = 0.01), and unruptured cerebral arteriovenous malformation (OR 2.7, 95% CI 1-7.2; p = 0.05).
Microsurgical resection of AVMs is highly efficient and can be undertaken with low rates of morbidity at high-volume neurovascular centers. Unruptured and larger AVMs were associated with higher complication rates 1).